Oriental / Occidental
- 'occident' is from the Latin term for the west, originally meaning 'falling', 'setting' or 'perishing' (as in sunset); 'orient' is from the Latin term for the east, originally meaning 'rising' or 'emerging', (as in sunrise).
If a planet is described as 'oriental of the Sun' it means that it precedes the Sun in diurnal motion, and appears in the east in the morning, rising before the Sun. Similarly, 'occidental of the Sun' means that it follows the sun by diurnal motion, and comes into view after sunset.
If a planet is described as 'oriental in the figure', it means that it is located near the ascendant which is the eastern angle, whilst 'occidental in the figure', means that it is located near the descendant which is the western angle.
Occidental hemisphere is the western/setting hemisphere, incorporating the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th houses.
Oriental hemisphere - the eastern/rising hemisphere, incorporating the 4th, 3rd, 2nd, 1st, 12th, and 11th houses.
Occidental quarter - the quadrant of the chart that falls beneath the western horizon, incorporating the 4th, 5th and 6th houses. Also known as the phlegmatic quarter.
Oriental quarter - the quadrant of the chart that rises from the eastern horizon, incorporating the 1st, 12th and 11th houses. Also known as the sanguine quarter.