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Traditional Rulerships of the Planets
saturn Saturn
jupiter Jupiter
mars Mars
the sun Sun
venus Venus
mercury Mercury
the moon Moon


This work is intended to act as a supplement to Lilly's original text.
The section of the manuscript to which these notes refer is reproduced for study on the CA downloads page.










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retyped & annotated by Deborah Houlding

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Jupiter

Of the planet JUPITER, and his Signification


Adapted from William Lilly's 17th century text Christian Astrology, pp.65-68



Adapted and annotated by Deborah Houlding
References in the footnotes include explanatory remarks
and modern translations of Lilly's terms

Names:
Anciently called Zeus or Phaeton. [1]

Dignities:
Rulerships by signSagittarius (by day) / Pisces (by night)
Signs of detrimentGemini & Virgo
Exaltation (sign & degree)Cancer - 15
Fall (sign & degree)Capricorn - 15
Triplicity rulershipFire triplicity by night
Associated terms
Ariesdegrees 1 - 6
Taurusdegrees 16 - 22
Geminidegrees 8 - 14
Cancerdegrees 7 - 13
Leodegrees 20 - 25
Virgodegrees 14 - 18
Libradegrees 12 - 19
Scorpiodegrees 7 - 14
Sagittariusdegrees 1 - 8
Capricorndegrees 13 - 19
Aquariusdegrees 21 - 25
Piscesdegrees 9 - 14
Rulership by face (or decanate)
Geminidegrees 1 - 10
Leodegrees 11 - 20
Libradegrees 21 - 30
Capricorndegrees 1 - 10
Piscesdegrees 11 - 20

Nature:
Masculine, diurnal, hot and moist, airy, sanguine; the Greater Fortune, author of temperance, modesty, sobriety, justice

People Signified:
Judges, senators, councillors, ecclesiastical men, bishops, priests, ministers, cardinals, chancellors, doctors of the civil law, young scholars and students in a university or college, lawyers, clothiers, woollen-drapers.

Anatomy and Illnesses:
Pleurisy, all infirmities in the liver; the left ear, apoplexies, inflammation of the lungs, palpitations and trembling of the heart, cramps, pain in the back-bone, all diseases lying in the veins or ribs, and proceeding from corruption of blood, squinzies,[2] windiness, all putrefaction in the blood, or fevers proceeding from too great abundance thereof.

Colours and savours:
Governs sweet or well scented odours; or odours where the smell is in no way extreme or offensive.
Colours are sea-green or blue, purple, ash-colour, a mixed yellow and green.

Herbs, Plants and Trees:
Cloves and clove-sugar, [3] mace, [4] nutmeg, [5] gilly-flower, [6] the strawberry, [7] the herb balsam, [8] betony, [9] centaury, [10] flax, [11] arsesmart, [12] fumitory, [13] lungwort, [14] pimpernel, [15] wallwort, [16] oregano or wild marjoram, [17] rhubarb, [18] selfheal, [19] borage, [20] bugloss, [21] wheat, [22] willow-herb, [23] thorough-leaf, [24] violets, [25] laskwort, [26] liverwort, [27] basil, [28] pomegranates, [29] peony, [30] liquorice, [31] mint, [32] mastic, [33] the daisy, [34] feversend, [35] saffron. [36]
Plants and trees: Cherry-tree, birch-tree, [37] mulberry-tree, [38] coral-tree, [39] the oak, [40] barberries, [41] olive, [42] gooseberries, [43] almond-tree, [44] the ivy, [45] manna, [46] mace, [47] the vine, [48] the fig-tree, [49] the ash, [50] the pear-tree, the hazel, [51] the beech-tree, [52] the pine, [53] raisins [54] .

Places:
Jupiter delights in or near altars of churches, in public conventions, synods, convocations, in places neat, sweet, in wardrobes, courts of justice, oratories.

Minerals & Stones:
Tin, amethyst, the sapphire, the smarage or emerald, hyacinth, topaz, crystal, bezoar, [55] marble, and that which in England we call freestone. [56]

Attributed orb:
9 degrees

Angel:
Zadkiel [57]

Day of the Week:
Thursday. Jupiter rules the first hour after sun rise, and the eighth.

Physical descriptions offered:
Signifies an upright, straight and tall stature; brown, ruddy and lovely complexion; of an oval or long visage, and it full or fleshy; high forehead; large grey eyes; his hair soft, and a kind of auburn brown; much beard; a large, deep belly: strong proportioned thighs and legs; his feet long, being the most indecent parts of his whole body; in his speech he is sober, and of grave discourse.
When Jupiter is oriental, the skin is more clear, the complexion honey-colour, or betwixt a white and red, sanguine,[58] ruddy colour; great eyes, the body more fleshy, usually some mole or scar in the right foot.
When Jupiter is occidental, the complexion is more pure and lovely, the stature more short, the hair a light brown, or near a dark flaxen; smooth, bald about the temple or forehead.

Manners when well dignified:
Magnanimous, faithful, bashful, aspiring in an honourable way at high matters, in all actions a lover of fair dealing, desiring to benefit all men, doing glorious things, honourable and religious, of sweet and affable conversation, wonderfully indulgent to his wife and children, reverencing aged men, a great reliever of the poor, full of charity and godliness, liberal, hating all sordid actions, just, wise, prudent, thankful, virtuous: so that when you find Jupiter the significator of any man in a question, or lord of his Ascendant in a nativity, and well dignified, you may judge him qualified as abovesaid.

Manners when badly placed:
When Jupiter is unfortunate, then he wastes his patrimony,[59] suffers every one to cozen him, is hypocritically religious, tenacious, and stiff in maintaining false tenets in religion; he is ignorant, careless, nothing delightful in the love of his friends; of a gross, dull capacity, schismatical,[60] abasing [61] himself in all companies, crouching and stooping where no necessity is.


Notes & References:

  1] Phaethon: 'Shining one', the secular Greek name.
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  2] Or quinsy. Tonsillitis or peritonsillar abscess (ie., in the throat).
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  3] For further information on the history of this herb and its medicinal uses, link to Botanical.com external link
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  4] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  5] Mace and nutmeg derive from the same tree. Their medicinal properties are similar, both helping digestion in stomachic weakness. Cloves, mace and nutmeg are all used as flavouring agents in cooking. For further details on the medicinal value of nutmeg link to Botanical.com external link
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  6] Wallflower. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  7] Rulership is also given to (perhaps shared with) Venus. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  8] Costmary. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  9] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  10] Also known as 'Christ's Ladder' or Feverwort. Culpeper lists this under the Sun. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  11] Or linseed. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  12] Smartweed or water pepper; also listed under Mars, which is probably its principal ruler. (Culpeper says Mars and Saturn).
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  13] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  14] So named for its curative action on pulmonary complaints. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  15] Culpeper lists this as a solar herb. It was regarded as an aid to eye sight and used as a cure against witchcraft and evil spirits. The Greeks wrote of its value in liver complaints and for its effects on lifting depression. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  16] Comfrey. For details link to Holistic-online.com external link
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  17] Also given to Mercury which shares rulership of the lungs. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  18] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  19] Prunella - a small purple-flowered plant reputed to have healing powers. Culpeper says Venus. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  20] Besides its medicinal properties, borage was traditionally known for its effects in making men 'merry and joyful'. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  21] Another name for borage.
  22] Culpeper says Venus. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  23] Rose Bay or 'Great Hairy'. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  24] Thorow-wax or 'hare's ear'; Culpeper says Saturn. A little known plant, now very rare or extinct, L. Bupleurium Rotundifolium.
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  25] Also listed under Venus, to which Culpeper concurs. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  26] This is probably what Culpeper refers to as 'flix weed'; both lask and flix/flux mean diarrhoea and the plant was given in cases of dysentery. It is also strongly recommended for asthma. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  27] A lichen. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  28] Culpeper says Mars. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  29] For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  30] Also listed under the Sun. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  31] Culpeper says Mercury. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  32] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  33] An aromatic resin obtained from the mastic tree and used as an astringent. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  34] Culpeper says Venus, though it was well known as a protection against inflammatory disorders of the liver. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  35] Feverfew, which derives from feferfuge (L febris fever + fugare to put to flight). Culpeper says Venus. A decoction with sugar or honey is said to be good for coughs, wheezing and difficult breathing. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  36] Also listed under the Sun. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  37] For an interesting article on Birch trees in Druidic lore, link to OBOD Tree Lore external link
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  38] Culpeper says Mercury. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  39] Erithina.
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  40] For details link to OBOD Tree Lore external link Botanical.com external link
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  41] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  42] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  43] Culpeper says Venus. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  44] For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  45] Culpeper says Saturn. For details link to Botanical.com external link
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  46] Manna ash, or 'flowering ash', used as a mild laxative.
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  47] Previously mentioned as a herb - see note 4
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  48] Also listed under Sun, to which Culpeper concurs. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  49] For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  50] Also listed under Sun, to which Culpeper concurs. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  51] For details link to OBOD Tree Lore external link
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  52] For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  53] Also listed under Saturn. For details, link to Botanical.com external link
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  54] For details refer to 'vine'.
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  55] A concretion formed in the stomach of animals, usually from goats; formerly used to draw out poisons.
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  56] Any fine-grained stone, such as sandstone or limestone, that can be worked in any direction without breaking.
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  57] From Tzadkiel: the archangel 'justice of God'; the angel is Sachiel. For details link to The Marshall Mint
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  58] The term sanguine is derived from the Latin sanguis meaning blood, and hence denotes a physical appearance that is ruddy or describes a blood-red colour. Its meaning here relates to the astrological use of humours which was used in medical matters to associate the elements fire, earth, air and water with the bodily fluids of yellow bile, black bile, blood and phlegm respectively (also known by the terms choleric, melancholic, sanguine and phlegmatic). Through this connection, 'sanguine' is often used to describe something which is clear, well-balanced, moderate, lacking in extreme and pleasant. Culpeper gives a good description of the characteristics of the humours according to Hippocrates in his book The Astrological Judgement of Disease from the Decumbiture of the Sick. Briefly, these are as follows;

CHOLERIC (yellow bile / fire) - Short of stature and lean of build. A hairy body with skin which is rough and hot. In complexion they are between red and yellow and grow beards quickly. The hair is often red or auburn. By nature they are naturally quick witted, bold, hasty, quarrelsome and courageous. They are often full of anger and they are light in movement with a pulse which is swift and strong.

MELANCHOLIC (black bile / earth) - Small of build and slender of body. Their complexion is pale and duskish and their skin is rough and cold. They have sparse hair which is inclined to be dark. They are moreoften fearful, careful, solitary and covetous in nature and are often stubborn, ambitious, suspicious, and timid. They retain their anger for a long time and are obstinate in their opinions.

SANGUINE (blood / air) - The body is well composed and fleshy (but not fat) with larger limbs. The skin is smooth, the body hairy, and the complexion is white intermixed with redness in the cheeks. The hair is mostly brown. By nature they are merry, liberal, trusting, well natured and pleasant. They can be brought to tears quite easily but bear no malice.

PHLEGMATIC (phlegm / water) - Short of stature and inclined towards fatness. The hair is naturally flaxen and there is little of it. The skin is smooth and cold and the complexion is pale. They are dull, slow, sober and fearful characters with a weak pulse and a cowardly, slothful disposition.
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  59] Ancestral wealth
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  60] Causing divisions or separations, particularly in religious beliefs.
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  61] Lowering
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Jupiter

Jupitarean herbs

oak
Oak

costmary
Costmary


Betony
Betony


Borage
Borage


Balm
Balm
       
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