skyscript.co.uk
home articles forum events
glossary horary quiz consultations links more

Traditional Rulerships of the Planets
saturn Saturn
jupiter Jupiter
mars Mars
the sun Sun
venus Venus
mercury Mercury
the moon Moon


This work is intended to act as a supplement to Lilly's original text.
The section of the manuscript to which these notes refer is reproduced for study on the CA downloads page.










The external links below lead to suppliers of William Lilly's Christian Astrology,
retyped & annotated by Deborah Houlding

cover

Midheaven Bookshop (UK)

Astrology Center (USA)

Canopus Books (Australia)

Buy a rare, leather-bound edition of Christian Astrology from Amazon
 
Mars

Of the planet MARS, and his several Significations


Adapted from William Lilly's 17th century text Christian Astrology, pp.65-68



Adapted and annotated by Deborah Houlding
References in the footnotes include explanatory remarks
and modern translations of Lilly's terms

Names:
Anciently called Mavors [1] , Ares [2] , Pyroeis [3] , or Gradivus [4]

Dignities:
Rulerships by signAries (by day) / Scorpio (by night)
Signs of detrimentLibra & Taurus
Exaltation (sign & degree)Capricorn - 28
Fall (sign & degree)Cancer - 28
Triplicity rulershipWater triplicity by day & night
Associated terms
Ariesdegrees 22 - 26
Taurusdegrees 27 - 30
Geminidegrees 26 - 30
Cancerdegrees 1 - 6
Leodegrees 26 - 30
Virgodegrees 25 - 30
Libradegrees 25 - 30
Scorpiodegrees 1 - 6
Sagittariusdegrees 26 - 30
Capricorndegrees 20 - 25
Aquariusdegrees 26 - 30
Piscesdegrees 21 - 26
Rulership by face (or decanate)
Ariesdegrees 1 - 10
Geminidegrees 11 - 20
Leodegrees 21 - 30
Scorpiodegrees 1 - 10
Capricorndegrees 11 - 20
Piscesdegrees 21 - 30

Nature:
Masculine, nocturnal, hot and dry, choleric

People Signified:[5]
Princes ruling by tyranny or oppression, tyrants, usurpers, new conquerors. Generals of armies, colonels, captains or soldiers generally; physicians, apothecaries, [6] surgeons, alchemists, gunners, butchers, marshals, sergeants, bailiffs, hangmen, thieves, smiths, bakers, armourers, watch-makers, botchers, [7] tailors, cutlers of swords and knives, barbers, dyers, cooks, carpenters, gamesters, [8] bear-wards, tanners, curriers [9]

Anatomy and Illnesses:
The gall, the left ear, tertian fevers [10] , pestilent, burning fevers, migraines, carbuncles [11] , the plague and all plague sores, burnings, ringworm, blisters, frenzies [12] , mad, sudden distempers in the head, yellow-jaundice, bloody-flux [13] , fistulas [14] , all wounds and diseases in men's genitals, the stone both in the reins [15] and bladder, scars or small pox in the face, all hurts by iron, the shingles, and such other diseases as arise by abundance of too much choler, anger or passion.

Colours and savours:
Red, yellow, fiery and shining. Savours that are bitter, sharp and burn the tongue.

Herbs, Plants and Trees:
Those that are red in colour, whose leaves are pointed and sharp, whose taste is caustic [16] and burning; that love to grow in dry places, are corrosive and penetrate the flesh and bones with a subtle heat. They are as follows:
The nettle, all manner or thistles, restharrow or cammock, devils-milk or petty spurge [17] , white and red brambles, the white vulgarly called by the herbalists ramme [18] , lingwort [19] , onion, scammony [20] , garlic [21] , mustard-seed, pepper, ginger, leeks, dittander [22] , hoarhound [23] , hemlock [24] , red sanders [25] , tamarinds, all herbs attracting or drawing choler by sympathy, radish, castoreum [26] , aresmart [27] , assarum [28] , carduus benedictus [29] , cantharides [30] .
All trees that are prickly, such as the thorn or chestnut.

Places:
Smiths, shops, furnaces, slaughterhouses, places where bricks or charcoal is burnt, chimneys, forges.

Minerals & Stones:
Iron, antimony, arsenic, brimstone, ocre, adamant, loadstone [31] , bloodstone, jasper, the many coloured amethyst, the touchstone, red lead or vermilion.

Attributed orb:
7 degrees

Angel:
Samael [32]

Day of the Week:
Tuesday, and the first and eighth hour of that day [33]

Physical descriptions offered:
Generally middle stature, strong bodies, big bones, more lean than fat; complexion of a brown, ruddy colour, or of a high colour; their visage[34] round, their hair red or sandy flaxen, and many times crisping or curling. Sharp, hazel eyes, and they peircing; a bold, confident countenance, and the man active and fearless.
When Mars is oriental [35] he signifies valiant men, some white mixed with the redness, a decent tallness of body, hairy of his body.
Occidental; very ruddy complexioned, but mean in stature; little head, a smooth body, and not hairy; yellow hair, stiff, the natural humours generally more dry.

Manners when well dignified:
In feats of war and courage, invincible, scorning any should exceed him, subject to no reason, bold, confident, immovable, contentious, challenging all honour to themselves, valiant, lovers of war and things pertaining thereunto, hazarding himself to all perils, willingly will obey nobody; nor submit to any; a large reporter of his own acts, one that fights all things in comparison of victory, and yet of prudent behaviour in his own affairs.

Manners when badly placed:
Then he is a prattler without modesty or honesty, a lover of slaughter and quarrels, murder, theivery, a promoter of sedition, frays [36] , and commotions, and highway-thief, as wavering as the wind, a traitor, of turbulent spirit, perjurer, obscene, rash, inhumane, neither fearing God or caring for man, unthankful, treacherous, oppressors, ravenous, cheater, furious, violent


Notes & References:

  1] Mavors: The archaic form the the Latin Mars, sometimes used in poetry
Back to text
  2] Ares: Greek for Mars.
Back to text
  3] Pyroeis: 'Fiery One', the secular Greek name.
Back to text
  4] Gradivus: Perhaps 'he who marches out', a Latin epithet of Mars.
Back to text
  5] Lilly's 17th century list of Martian people focuses upon those who are characterised by violence (soldiers, armourers), oppression or attacks against others (thieves, usurpers); those who work in dangerous occupations (bear-wards: keepers of wild animals); those who work with sharp cutting instruments (surgeons, barbers); and those who work with heat (bakers, smiths). It can be suitable adapted to include modern deviations such as professional boxers, terrorists, firemen, kiln workers, etc.
Back to text
  6] Archaic word for Pharmacists.
Back to text
  7] Shoe-repairer.
Back to text
  8] Gamblers
Back to text
  9] From the old English use of 'curry' - to finish and dress leather after it has been tanned.
Back to text
  10] A fever occurring every third day.
Back to text
  11] Abcesses
Back to text
  12] Violent mental agitation
Back to text
  13] Dysentery
Back to text
  14] An abnormal opening between hollow organs, caused by ulceration or malformation
Back to text
  15] Kidneys
Back to text
  16] Capable of burning or corroding by chemical action
Back to text
  17] A plant with milky sap
Back to text
  18] Hartsthorne, also known as buckthorne, used as a purgative.
Back to text
  19] White hellebore - also listed under Saturn
Back to text
  20] Bindweed
Back to text
  21] See Garlic, the embodiment of a Martian Herb for a discussion of the essential characteristics of this herb considered against its traditional astrological rulership
Back to text
  22] The broad-leaved pepperwort
Back to text
  23] Culpeper lists this under Saturn
Back to text
  24] Also listed under Saturn, to which Culpeper concurs.
Back to text
  25] Red sandalwood
Back to text
  26] Aromatic secretion of a beaver, used in perfumery and medicine
Back to text
  27] Water pepper or smartweed; also listed under Jupiter. (Culpeper says Mars and Saturn)
Back to text
  28] Assarabacca
Back to text
  29] Holy thistle
Back to text
  30] A diuretic and urogenital stimulant prepared from the dried bodies of Spanish fly
Back to text
  31] A magnetite which is naturally magnetic
Back to text
  32] Samael represents the severity of God, and the power to achieve Victory over Adversity. Regarded as a Patron to all those who do battle on the battlefield. Visit this link for more information.
Back to text
  33] This is the planetary hour that starts at sunrise, not noon.
Back to text
  34] Face, or general appearance
Back to text
  35] In this context oriental means to rise before the Sun, occidental means to rise after the Sun. Lilly makes this clear in the section where he discusses the physical characteristics of the Sun.
Back to text
  36] Public disorder
Back to text



http://www.skyscript.co.uk

More on Mars

Martian herbs

Arssmart
Arssmart

Garlic
Garlic


Scammony
Scammony
(bindweed)


restharrow
Restharrow


Nettle
Nettle
       
Contact Deborah Houlding  | terms and conditions  
All rights on all text and images reserved. Reproduction by any means is not permitted without the express
agreement of Deborah Houlding or in the case of articles by guest astrologers, the copyright owner indictated