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Sol gold is, and
Luna silver we declare,
Mars yron,
Mercurie is quyksilver,
Saturnus leed,
and Jupiter is tyn,
And Venus coper,
by my fathers kyn

(Chaucer 1386)

Golden Sun

Recommended Links

Golden Moments - When alchemists made Gold by Nick Kollerstrom
A History of Planets and Metals
Metal-Planet Correspondences by Nick Kollerstrom
The Seven Noble Metals Of The Ancients
Planets and Minerals

The properties of metals are known to have been associated with the planets as long ago as 2000 BC

Prior to the 19th century there were only 7 recognised metals. Lists linking these with the planets emerge from around the 1st century BC, with the traditional rulerships becoming obviously widespread around the 7th century AD

Until modern times the association between planets and metals was so close that scientists represented metals by drawing their planetary glyphs. The metal mercury was named after its planetary ruler

Nick Kollerstom's Astrochemistry shows how the Ptolemaic ordering of the planets - Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn - corresponds with many physical properties. Lustre, resonance, malleability and conductivity are all highest in silver, decreasing down the arrangement to lead, which has the least of all these properties

Planets and Metals
The Traditional Association of the Sun and Gold by Nick Kollerstrom

Through countless centuries a living connection between the earth and heavens was taken for granted. The metals were considered to have an inherent affinity with their parent planets, and represented a material expression of living cosmic energies. This article is extracted from Nick Kollerstrom's book The Metal-Planet Relationship, an extremely important work which, through scientific analysis and metaphysical reflection, ties the prosaic realm of rational science to the qualitative realm of essence and being. The book explores the natural correspondences that exist between the traditional planet-metal associations and, more importantly, details how modern experiment only serves to vindicate the relationships.

The Sun and Gold

Twenty years of gold prices, averaged over the course of a year.

Gold prices tend to rise in times of turbulence and uncertainty. Also, the price of gold has a seasonal trend, peaking in midwinter. Then, when sunlight is weakest, people show a greater desire for gold, the sun-metal. The graph shows the trendline I found over twenty years of daily London gold prices. I couldn’t find any other trends apart from this one. Is that worth trading on? Well, write and say!

Traditionally the noblest of the metals, gold expresses the splendour and radiance of the Sun. As the only metal which never tarnishes, it will resist the fiercest fire. Its sun-like nature is evident, for it needs to glitter in the sun to express itself, and has a unique relation to light and colour. The metal can be beaten out so thinly that it has hardly any solidity left, when it appears as gold by reflected light but green by transmitted light. Colloidal gold solutions, in dilutions of parts per 100 million, produce a wide variety of colours. From metallic gold one can obtain, so to speak, any colour under the sun: In gold we see the brilliance of the sun, but other rich colours are also seen in its colloidal solutions, ranging from greenish-blue, through reddish, violet-blue to pure rose – from the gold of a noonday sun to the radiant colours of sunset (1).’

The sun manifests the colour of gold at sunrise and at sunset. The latin word for gold, aurum (thus, the chemical symbol Au), derives from the Greek word Aurora - the golden goddess of the dawn. Rudolf Steiner gave ‘AU’ as the Sun-sound, so try intoning it. The word ‘aura’ comes from the same root, indicating the idea of radiance as associated with this metal.

Sun in Splendor Solis 16th century, used with kind permission of the British Library

Like sunlight through air, so is gold diffused through Earth's crust: ‘Gold is a remarkable substance. A description of its physical properties can leave one in awe, even disbelief. Gold is present everywhere on the Earth - in the seas, in the highest strata of the atmosphere and in the earth itself on every continent. It exists as the finest dust and dense nuggets. There are however no veins of gold as there are of other metals. The denser deposits are combined with silica, for example, or in iron or sulphur compounds, containing arsenic. Combined with silver, mercury, copper and antimony, however, gold is to be found finely distributed. (2)’ This author described how the gold mines in South Africa descend thousands of metres, to mine gold present in maybe less than one part per hundred thousand of the ore - only to be reburied in bank vaults! The largest deposits of gold are found in Africa. In this continent, whose geography shows so many different sun-influences, and whose music expresses so powerfully the throbbing pulse of the heart, the greatest amounts of the sun-metal have condensed.

The Sun’s position in a birth-horoscope is said to express one's true being. To help get a grip on this, let’s consider why people spend more to have a pen with a gold nib. This isn’t just because it lasts longer than a steel-nib, but because of something not easy to express, that handwriting with a gold-nib pen better expresses one's ‘personality' or inner being than does a steel-nib pen.

Until very recent times gold was used as a heart remedy, this being the organ associated with the sun. Homeopathic doctors still use it in this manner in high dilutions and regard it as a remedy for depressive or suicidal conditions: a ‘total eclipse of the heart’. Its distribution within the human organism reaches its highest concentration in the region of the heart. Gold is used by doctors to diagnose heart problems. As the highest concentrations of gold in the human body occur around the heart, a radio-isotope of gold has been developed (the Au-195 isotope), which can give an image of the blood-containing structures within the heart, a process called 'heart-imaging'. Gold gives a heart image! In Britain this new technology has been developed in St. Bartholomew's hospital, London. One expert described the gold used in this way as 'a very convenient medium for rapid assessment of changes in cardiac function' (3,4).

Aurora, Dawn-goddess 1808 by Otto Runge, Hamburg

Economically, gold functions as a kind of heart-centre which maintains and guarantees a circulation of paper money. The pulse of the economy is taken by noting the value of gold. In ingots of great density it is stored underground, far from the sunlight; where it acts as it has done throughout history, in a somewhat magical manner, as that which is most to be desired - again, a heart quality held by no other element. After all, would you want a wedding-ring of platinum?

As regards the heart-qualities which gold has, astronomers are discerning ever more clearly how the Sun functions as the heart-centre of our solar system. It has a heart-beat over its eleven-year cycle and thereby circulates material around the solar system. It’s the fiery heart-centre of the macrocosm, and gold is the Sun-metal. Feel the fiercely burning solar corona around, your heart of fire. Gold works as a heart-medicine.

Cows have the highest concentration of gold in their horns. The horns are the one part of a cow that points upwards, which give to the cow its dignity. I recommend visiting a Biodynamic farm, where you will see cows with their horns left on. Naturally, this makes them more resistant to disease, and no UK Biodynamic farms got Foot and Mouth in the recent epidemic, or BSE (mad cow disease). Normally it is said that gold has no biochemical purpose, because it is chemically inert. But, let’s go a little deeper and try envisaging the Egyptian image of the Sun between two horns of a cow. I have a dream: of a laboratory, where the apparatus is simple enough to bring delight to a child. It would have two Perspex models, of a human being and a cow, showing their varying gold-concentration: reaching its highest level around the heart for man, and in the horns for a cow.

Gold is a metal on a journey, shown by its number given in ‘carats,' which goes up to twenty-four, for absolute purity. A gold ring may be 18 carats, and thinly-beaten gold which needs to be soft could be twenty-two carats. The carat-number indicates how long the gold has been in the furnace, how intensely purified it has been to free it from baser metals. The Sun moves across the sky every twenty-four hours, and around the year in twelve months, so this solar number defines the quality of gold. The weight of gold is measured in Troy, with one Troy ounce of gold equivalent to 480 (24 x 20) grains of wheat. The golden grains of wheat, sun-ripened, are fixed in an equivalence to the solar metal, indicating a healthy basis for currency and wealth (5).

The spiritual development of a culture should be measured by the proportion of gold which it keeps above-ground, to glitter in the sunlight and adorn the beauty of womankind, its sacred temples and places of magnificence - as compared with that buried in vaults and hidden away underground. The former indicates a commitment to communal happiness, and in fact solar glory, while the latter embodies mere private greed and the lust for lucre.

Medicinal Colloidal gold is becoming more widely used as a medicine – a very traditional alchemical concept. It is claimed to work in a quite subtle way as a heart-remedy. Some find that their will-power is enhanced upon taking it, in terms of being able to focus on what one wants to achieve. Especially in America there has been a tradition that colloidal gold is given for ‘dypsomania’ or craving for alcohol. Drug-addicts are said to experience a loss of appetite for their drugs after taking the solution for a few days. Here is a web-testimony: “I have found great benefit personally in the emotional area. My wife will tell you I am a much easier person to live with … My brother who is four years older was in such a bad state the doctors had him on Zoloft, the antidepressant that is like Prozac. He started on colloidal gold almost two years ago and is living a happy life now with no known side-effects.”  It is said that the body’s warmth-mechanism may be positively affected by gold, particularly in cases of hot flushes, chills and night-sweats.

One would like to hear more discussion of these effects, as may deepen our insight into how traditional heart-qualities are associated with gold, the Sun-metal. The colloidal gold solution is a ruby-red hue, as likewise the precious ruby is red from homeopathically-dilute traces of gold in the quartz.  Besides being a great morale booster and healer, dietary gold is an effective but subtle pain reliever: gold salts are injected into arthritic joints to relieve pain. 
For mythology of Aurora, golden Goddess of the Dawn, search for ‘Eos’ or ‘Auos’ on the web. ‘Eos appeared in her flowery cloth of gold’ (Oddesey 10.540), and ‘rosy-fingered Eos.’  The words aura, aurum  and Aurora share the same etymology.


1.Alison Davidson, Metal Power, the soul life of the planets 1991, p10.

2. C.Budd, Of Wheat and Gold, 1988,p.50.

3. Elliot et al., Physics in Medicine and Biology, 1983, Vol. 28, pp.l39, 147.

4. Dymond et al., Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 1983, Vol. 2, pp.85-92.

5. Ibid, p.47.

Mars and Iron 

Nick KollerstromNick Kollerstrom has a Cambridge science degree and has worked as a physics schoolteacher. He is recognised throughout the astrological community for his pioneering studies that have brough his scientific background into exciting fields of research on planets, plants and metals. He has been actively involved in the study of planet-metal associations and other matters of a Hermatic nature for 30 years, and has lectured on these subjects since 1975. His work in medical research resulted in his book Lead on the Brain - a plain guide to Britain's No 1 pollutant. His investigation of lunar effects upon plant growth led in the 1980s to his gardener's guide Planting by the Moon and the popular annuals Gardening and Planting by the Moon. Nick Kollerstrom's latest title, Crop Circles: The Hidden Form, published by Wessex books, offers a new way of experiencing the crop circle mystery, through the geometry of the forms revealed in crops.

© Nick Kollerstrom

Planets & Metals

Books by Nick Kollerstrom

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