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Therefore, the nature of Saturn is cold, dry, melancholic, dark, of heavy harshness. And perhaps he will be cold [and] moist, heavy, of stinking odor, and he is of much eating and true esteem. And he signifies works of moisture and the cultivation of land, and peasants, and village companions, and the settlement of lands, also buildings and waters and rivers, and the quantities or measures of things, and the divisions of the earth, also affluence and a multitude of assets, and masteries which are done by hand, greed and the greatest poverty and the poor. And he signifies travel by sea, and foreign travel [that is] far away and at great length, and bad. And cleverness, envy and wits and seductions, and boldness in dangers and impediment, and hesitation, and being singular, and a scarcity of association with men, and pride and magnanimity and bluffing and bragging and the subjection of men, also the managers of a kingdom and of every work which comes to be with force and with evil and injuries and a tendency to anger, even warriors and fettering and prison, also truth in words, and esteem, and prudence and understanding, and experience, and offense, and obstinacy, and a multitude of thoughts and a depth of counsel, and insistence, and stubbornness in [his] method. He does not easily get angry, and if he were angry he would not be able to rule his own mind. He wishes good to no one. And he signifies old men and weighty men and burdens and fear, griefs and sorrow and the complication of the mind. And fraud and affliction and difficulty and loss; also ancestors and what is left behind by the dead, mourning, and being orphaned, and old things. Even grandfathers and fathers and brothers, and senior people and slaves and mule drivers and men who are blamed, and robbers and those who dig up graves and who rob the garments of the dead. And fitters of leather and those who blame things. He signifies magicians and masters of discord, and low-class men and eunuchs. And he signifies a great length of thought and a scarcity of speaking and the knowledge of secrets, and one does not know what is in his mind, nor does a wise person make disclosures to him about every obscure matter. And he signifies austerity and the ascetics of religions.
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[From Gr. Intr. VII.9.1390-1423]

Benjamin's Dykes' published work also contains introductions and footnoted annotations. For a pdf extract of material from various sections of his text see here.

About the author:
Benjamin N. Dykes PhD received his PhD in Philosophy from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has eight years' experience as a college instructor, concentrating on the ancient and medieval philosophy that informs much ancient and medieval astrology, and many years' experience in ritual practice in the Western Mystery Tradition, including the Golden Dawn, Wicca, and Thelema.

Since earning his Diploma of Medieval Astrology studying with Robert Zoller, Ben has been active in translating and publishing works that focus upon medieval astrological techniques. His own text, Using Medieval Astrology is available through his website at In additional to Introductions to Astrology: Abu Ma'Shar & Al-Qabisi Ben has also recently translated three volumes on Persian Nativities, The Book of Astronomy by Guido Bonatti and The Works of Sahl and Masha'allah.

© The article made available on this page is copyrighted to Benjamin Dykes and is offered here for private, non-commercial use. Permission must be sought for reproduction. Published online December 2010.

Also by Ben Dykes:

Extracts from Persian Nativities Vols. I, II & III
MASHA’ALLAH: What is reception?
Translation of Guido Bonatti's treatise on 4th House Elections
Happiness in Medieval Astrology
An Interview with Benjamin Dykes