Engraving by C. Lasinio after Raphael, 1516 (source: Welcome Library)


Classical significations
of the Moon



Valens | Firmicus | Abu Mashar

More on the Moon


VALENS
The Moon, lit by the reflection of the Sun’s light and possessing a borrowed light, in a nativity indicates man’s life, body, the mother, conception, , appearance, sight, living together (i.e., legitimate marriage), nurture, the older brother, housekeeping, the queen, the mistress of the house, possessions, fortune, the city, the assembly of the people, gains, expenses, the household, voyages, travel and wanderings (it does not provide straight pathways because of Cancer). The Moon rules the parts of the body as follows: the left eye, the stomach, the breasts, the breath, the spleen, the dura mater, the marrow (as a result it causes dropsy/moist syndromes). Of materials it rules silver and glass. It is of the night sect, green in color and salty in taste.

Translation by Mark Riley, (informally published in 2010, based on a preliminary translation made in the 1990s) Anthologies, I.I

FIRMICUS
The Moon is by nature cool and moist, but sometimes by accident growing hot with the rays of the Sun [and so] inclining towards a certain heat. She signifies the appearance, happiness, the want of glory; a weak sense, poor memory, lies, denunciations, flatteries; much gluttony but little lecherousness in sexual matters. She also signifies trivial matters, and especially ones concerning water; business people, the beginnings of businesses, and profits earned from them, of differing capabilities; seekers of honours, and diligent cultivators of laws and good arts, and most worthy seekers out of all the most excellent things. She signifies also mothers, grandmothers and elder sisters. Furthermore, all works of water, the cultivation of the earth, and the businesses of rulers and primates; and (especially in first youth) the height of religious zeal, though not at all constant and stable in persevering in it. And of the parts of the body of a rational living creature, she owns the left eye.

Translation by Valerie Roebuck, (published in the Skyscript Newsletter, issue 5, 2022), based on the 1533 Aldine Latin translation.

ABU MASHAR
The Moon is the luminary of the night, and her nature is cold, moist, phlegmatic, and there is accidental heat in her, because her light is from the Sun. And she is light, fit in every matter. She desires joy and beauty and being praised. And she signifies the beginning of every work, and the knowledge of riches and nobles, and fortune in the means of livelihood and the attaining of those things which she wanted. And poverty in religion and the higher sciences, also miracles and sorcery and a multitude of thoughts in matters. Also the inexperience of the mind, and engineering and the science of lands and waters, and appraising them, and accounting and surveying, and weakness of one’s sense. And she signifies women who have nobility, and marriage-unions and every pregnant woman, and nourishment and its condition, also mothers and maternal aunts, midwives and older sisters. And messengers and the postal service and reports, fugitives and lying and accusations. Also, she is a master with masters and a slave with slaves, and with every man she is just like his nature. A multitude of forgetting, timid, a flawless heart, cheerful to people, revered by them, flattered by them. She does not hide her secrets. And she signifies a multitude of infirmities and caring for the fitness of bodies, and the cutting of hair, also a bounty of foods and a scarcity of sexual intercourse.

[From Gr. Intr. VII.9.1582-1602] Translation by Benjamin Dykes, (extracted from Introductions to Traditional Astrology: Abu Ma'shar & al-Qabisi (2010).
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